Welcome to the Community of Inquiry.

D. Randy Garrison
July 13, 2021

My goal in this post is to draw attention to an important study that used advanced statistical techniques to analyze the CoI questionnaire (Abbitt & Boone, 2021). While exploring statistical anomalies may not be front of mind for most practitioners, or even those doing research with the CoI framework, this provides significant conceptual and analytical impact regarding the CoI questionnaire. By providing a brief overview of the study I hope to attract interest in pursuing research into the refinement and further validation of the CoI quantitative questionnaire.

However, before addressing suggestions for improvement, it is important to highlight and emphasize the findings of this research regarding the existing strengths of the CoI questionnaire. In this regard, Abbitt and Boone (2021) state that the CoI framework has demonstrated its value in providing insight into online and blended learning environments and the CoI “instrument exhibits strong measurement properties as evaluation of item reliability and person reliability suggested strong reliability” (p. 389).

Recognizing the strengths of the CoI questionnaire is not in contradiction to suggested area for possible improvement. ...


Dissertation for:   MSc Psychology

Advisor:                     Dr. Alice Doherty, Psychology Academic Lead & Course Director, University of Derby Online Learning

Summary of the research project

Willingness to communicate (WTC) is the direct psychological antecedent of communication behaviour in traditional (classroom) instructional settings (e. ...




Audrey Perry
Joined October 13, 2021
Frontier Nursing University, United States

Dawn M. Pearce
Joined October 13, 2021
Assistant Principal, University of Central Oklahoma, United States
Dawn M. Pearce, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor for the Education Leadership Program in the Department of Professional Studies at the

Mahnaz fatemi
Joined October 11, 2021
tarbiat modares univercity, Iran

Umesh Tiwari
Joined September 28, 2021
United States

Gregg Wells
Joined September 23, 2021
Texas A&M University, United States

CoI Questionnaire: 2.0?
D. Randy Garrison
July 13, 2021
My goal in this post is to draw attention to an important study that used advanced statistical techniques to analyze the CoI questionnaire (Abbitt & Boone, 2021). While

Purposeful and Social Interaction
D. Randy Garrison
April 22, 2021
In a previous editorial I had addressed the challenge of designing a collaborative inquiry that goes beyond simple interaction to achieve deep and meaningful learning (

Teaching Presence Meta-Analysis
D. Randy Garrison
January 16, 2021
I want to draw your attention to a theoretically and pragmatically significant meta-analysis of the Community of Inquiry (CoI) teaching presence construct. I describe

CoI Emergence and Influence
D. Randy Garrison
November 9, 2020
I was recently interviewed for a podcast focused on Reflective Teaching in a Digital Age (

Willingness to communicate in online learning environments (WTC-OLE) in higher education and the relationship with the community of inquiry (CoI) presences.
Anastasios Katsaris, Alice Doherty
October 7, 2020
Dissertation for:   MSc Psychology

LACOI: Representation of a Community of Inquiry in Cooperative Online-based Courses through Learning Analytics
Lisa-Maria Norz, Elske Ammenwerth, Werner Hackl, Verena Dornauer, Eva Kaczko
September 23, 2020
The Private University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology UMIT TIROL (

Intellectual Roots of DE and the CoI Framework
D. Randy Garrison
September 1, 2020
Bozkurt (2019) has provided a needed insight into the intellectual and theoretical development of the field of distance education through an analysis of 1685 articles from 1916 to

Use of the Community of Inquiry (CoI) model in the analysis and evaluation of courses at UNED (Spain)
Inés Gil-Jaurena
March 26, 2018
The project (March-December 2018) analyzed the educational practices in 25 courses delivered at UNED (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia), Spain, using the"Community

Follow-up to CoI faculty development work at OHSU and beyond
Martha Cleveland-Innes
January 8, 2018
See an informative review, and announcement for another workshop here: https://www

iMOOCs and Learning to Learn Online
Martha Cleveland-Innes, Nathaniel Ostashewski, Dan Wilton
August 25, 2017
Athabasca University is known for its leadership and innovation in
The Community of Inquiry is a project of the Centre for Distance Education at Athabasca University, researchers of the Community of Inquiry framework, and members of the CoI community.