ABOUT THE MODEL
AN INTRODUCTION TO THE COMMUNITY OF INQUIRY
An educational community of inquiry is a group of individuals who collaboratively engage in purposeful critical discourse and reflection to construct personal meaning and confirm mutual understanding.

The Community of Inquiry theoretical framework represents a process of creating a deep and meaningful (collaborative-constructivist) learning experience through the development of three interdependent elements: social, cognitive and teaching presence.
A HISTORY

The Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework theory, methodology and instruments were developed during a Canadian Social Sciences and Humanities research funded project entitled "A Study of the Characteristics and Qualities of Text-Based Computer Conferencing for Educational Purposes" project which ran from 1997 to 2001. Central to the original study was the creation of a model of a community of inquiry comprised of three essential elements of an educational experience: cognitive, social and teaching presence

Outcomes of the original project were published in peer reviewed journals which, in turn, have resulted in hundreds of research studies applying and extending the original CoI theory, method, and instruments. The seminal paper "Critical Inquiry in a Text-Based Environment: Computer Conferencing in Higher Education" (Garrison, Anderson and Archer, 2000) has been cited more than 2,800 times (as reported by Google Scholar August 2015) and provided the foundation for valuable empirical research in learning theory across multiple disciplines and in varied educational settings.


THE CoI SURVEY

The Community of Inquiry questionnaire is developed and validated by a collaborative research team. The members of the team, in alphabetical order, are Ben Arbaugh, Marti Cleveland-Innes, Sebastian Diaz, D. Randy Garrison, Phil Ice, Jennifer Richardson, Peter Shea and Karen Swan.

The results were presented at the Sloan-C Conference in Orlando in November 2008. A three factor solution with oblique rotation was presented. All variables loaded cleanly on the expected factor/presence. This suggests a stable instrument that could be used in a variety of studies, including large scale inter-institutional or cross-disciplinary studies.


RELATED SITES

CoI RESEARCH SITE
coi.athabascau.ca
Our sister site at Athabasca University features an extensive set of publication references, including papers, dissertations, and books about the Community of Inquiry, as well as further and more detailed information on the CoI framework, its presences, and the CoI survey. Visit the CoI Research Site.

THE INCLUSIVE EDUCATORS' TOOLBOX
inclusivetoolbox.org
Student populations today are more diverse than ever before. Differences in ability levels, ethnicity, cultural background, and gender identity, among other factors, can provide learning environments with a rich kaleidoscope of features. With inclusive leadership and practice, student diversity can add value to the learning environment, providing opportunities for meaningful learning, personal growth, and community building. Join the Inclusive Educators' Toolbox community and contribute your own tools and ideas for inclusive education.

TECHNOLOGY-ENABLED LEARNING RESOURCES
telresources.org
Technology-enabled learning (TEL) has the power to transform both teaching and learning in classroom-based, online, and blended education by introducing the digital tools and resources 21st-century learners will need in order to explore, understand, and express themselves. These technologies can transform teaching by creating new, connected relationships between teachers, students, and content to improve instruction and create a more personalized form of learning. Join the TEL Resources Repository community and contribute your own resources and ideas for technology-enabled education.
RECENT COMMENTS

Annette Garner on Faculty development and the Community of Inquiry at Oregon Health and Science University School of Nursing
3 days ago
It' been so much fun working on this project. I so appreciate Marti's support and guidance. Here openness and sense of humor invite true collegial exchange of ideas. And I've keep learning and exploring my expression of CoI in courses, as well as returning to the framework to help me guide learning activity ...

Elahe Solimani on The CoI Community
1 month ago
Hello everybody. I am an EFL teacher and I've been teaching English in an EFL context for about 10 years.

Martha Cleveland-Innes on The CoI Community
1 month ago
Hi Rick! Welcome to our multi-authored blog! Please share your views on the topics raised here. We'd also like to hear more about what you are doing to help "faculty members do a better job at reaching their students." Cheers, Marti ...

Norm Vaughan on The CoI Community
2 months ago
Rick, Welcome to the CoI Blog Community!! Great to hear about your interest in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL). Do you have any previous experience using the CoI framework in your teaching practice? All the best, Norm ...

Rick Henderson on Supporting Discourse using Technology-Mediated Communication: The Community of Inquiry Model in Second Level Education
2 months ago
Very interesting project Adrian. I'm very interested in the learning protocols you mention so I'll definitely be looking in to your research.

Rick Henderson on The CoI Community
2 months ago
Hello everyone! I am a part-time faculty member at Wilfrid Laurier University where I've been teaching computer concepts and applications (computer literacy) as well as Excel VBA programming for over 16 years. I'm making a move into education training or educational technology but I enjoy participating in the ...

Martha Cleveland-Innes on Supporting Discourse using Technology-Mediated Communication: The Community of Inquiry Model in Second Level Education
3 months ago
Thank you again, Adrian, for being the first to post a project on our new multi-authored blog. At recent workshops I've given on the CoI to faculty, discussion about levels of teaching presence has come up. Perhaps we could discuss your findings and how they can inform novice online/blended instructors' ...

Adrian O'Connor on Supporting Discourse using Technology-Mediated Communication: The Community of Inquiry Model in Second Level Education
4 months ago
Hi Mary, Learning protocols are potential support tools from which teachers and pupils may select from to indicate what they consider useful (Wessner et al. 1999). At any time, pupils may choose from a menu of specific protocols which are then activated. These protocols are not forced onto the pupils but are an ...

Adrian O'Connor on Supporting Discourse using Technology-Mediated Communication: The Community of Inquiry Model in Second Level Education
4 months ago
Hi Hari, If you would like to get in contact my email is: adrianxoc@gmail.com

Adrian O'Connor on Supporting Discourse using Technology-Mediated Communication: The Community of Inquiry Model in Second Level Education
4 months ago
Thanks Randy for your comments and your interest in this project. The results from the transcript analysis and frequency of codes assigned by element revealed that indicators of social presence had been assigned to 30% of all interactions. The findings indicated that participant activity occurred mostly in the ...
The Community of Inquiry is a project of the Centre for Distance Education at Athabasca University, researchers of the Community of Inquiry framework, and members of the CoI community.